A Study Of An Old British Family
The Lomas Family from Foleshill, EnglandAncestry.ca- Begin a membership with Ancestry.ca to research the Lomas Family from Little Heath, Foleshill as well as other Lomas Family Trees registered as "Public" on this site.
Originally Foleshill was primarily a large area of heathland and waste with ill-defined boundaries and a number of scattered hamlets. The Domesday Book of 1086 names "Fulkeshill" and later "Folkshull". Its name, Folshill or Foleshill, signifies "the hill of the people or folk". According to the 1945 book "600 Years of Municipal Life", in 1899 the parishes of Stoke and Foleshill were added to Coventry, increasing the area to 4,147 acres and the population by another 8,000 people.
Today, Foleshill is a modern and thriving north-eastern suburb of Coventry.
At the time of the Norman conquest (1066) it was a small wooded hamlet, consisting of nine hides (a hid being 120 acres) with 30 villains and 6 bordars. The villains, bordars and serfs being the three classes of peasantry on a manor. Until the 18th century the chief occupation was agriculture. Sometime in the 19th century, coal was discovered and handloom weaving was then well established in the village.
The oldest building in the Foleshill area is the parish church of St. Laurence, known as "the old church". It was built in the 14th century and belonged to the monks of Coventry, the prior at this time being the Lord of the Manor of Foleshill. The first Lord of the Manor was Earl Leofric, and the last, Lord Boston. It is recorded that a church was built here in 11th century, possibly by the lady Godiva, Countess of Mercia. The Saxon font still in use is witness to this claim.
From the 14th to the 18th century the old church was the sole place of worship in the village, it was also the centre of its communal life. The Baptists were the pioneers of nonconformity in the district. They built their first chapel, Salem, at Longford in 1759. The Congregationalists followed at Little Heath in 1795 and the Methodists at Alderman's Green, Bell Green and Lockhurst Lane about 1820.
Other important events were the building of the Coventry canal in 1768 and the opening of the Coventry and Nuneaton railway in 1838. Both enterprises added considerably to the propriety of Foleshill.
From the 18th to the start of the 20th century ribbon weaving was the chief industry of the district and was carried out in the homes of the workpeople. There were only two factories in Foleshill prior to this time.
It is interesting to note that the Lockhurst Lane Co-operative Society was started in 1832 (twelve years before the Rochdale "pioneers") and is said to be the oldest surviving co-operative society in the country.
Foleshill has seen many, many changes since it was first mentioned as a Parish in 1086. Famous firms such as Herberts, Dunlop, Courtaulds, Riley, Jaguar, etc. were located here at one point in time and what was a rural parish sixty years ago has become a built-up area and the most industrialized part of Coventry.
The earliest settlements in the Foleshill area were probably at the hamlets of Hall Green and Little Heath; Saxon remains have been found on the site of St Laurence's Church, a 15th century building much restored in 1888.
Coventry Priory owned the church and some lands in the early Middle Ages, and Foleshill's prosperity has always been closely bound up with that of the city. It is safe to assume that the whole district was agricultural until Elizabethan times, but from then onwards, private speculators bought or leased land from the Corporation to prospect for coal, and mines were opened with varying degrees of success. There were no large estates, and when the French Huguenots brought their weaving skills to this country, the silk ribbon industry found a ready foothold in the Foleshill area at the beginning of the 18th century.
Village centres did not develop in the usual way because the building pattern was influenced by the two main roads (Stoney Stanton and Foleshill Roads) cutting across to Bulkington and Nuneaton; they were turnpiked in 1762 for the carrying of coal, and this trade received a further boost with the cutting of the Coventry Canal in 1769. Stonier and Richard Parrott of Hawkesbury were actively engaged in mining at this time, and the family provided for the continuation of the school built by Dr Edward Jackson in 1750.
A Baptist chapel was founded in Longford in 1765 and a strong Nonconfirmist element persisted throughout the 19th century. The churches and other charitable agencies did their best to alleviate the distress suffered by the weavers in 1826 and again in 1860, when men worked in the parish stoneyard for 6d a day and a loaf of bread, but conditions were very bad, particularly in the country districts. Foleshill acquired a reputation for lawlessness and immorality, and a wholesale migration took place: the population fell by 1,502 to 6,638 in the ten years to 1871, a decrease almost as large as that for the whole of Coventry at this period. (Tom Mann, the Labour leader, was born in Foleshill in 1856).
Some cottage factories were built in an attempt to stem the tide, but the workers who stayed turned to other trades; the machine tool and bicycle industries took the lead and by the 1890's Foleshill was on the threshold of a period of busy expansion. Coventry's boundary reached out towards the little communities now linked by intensive building, and factories such as Alfred Herbert, Courtaulds and many others were established. The Ordnance Works produced naval guns during the first World War, and by 1932 the city had extended still further, extinguishing the Foleshill Rural District created in 1836. Housing estates have sprung up since the last war in Bell Green, Court House Green and Nunts Park, so that the area is now entirely built up.
Prior to the reorganization of counties in 1974, Coventry resided in the previously named County of Warwickshire. Today it is now divided into West Midlands County and Warwicks County.
Foleshill is now a multi-racial ward to the north of Coventry City Centre. It is the home of many families whose families originated from the Indian Sub continent. It is also the home of many recent arrivals from parts of the world that have suffered conflict. As a result, Foleshill is considered a mixed area with houses, shops and industries side by side.
Foleshill includes the following neighborhoods:
Most of the Little Heath area is in the Longford ward of the city. It consists of the following residential streets: Gayer Street, Thomas Lane Street, Partridge Croft, Quilletts Close, part of Proffitt Avenue and most of Old Church Road. It also contains a former Courtaulds factory, and Little Heath Industrial Estate. The Coventry Canal passes through the area. Little Heath is within walking distance of the Arena Park Tesco Superstore, and close to the Foleshill fire station. The Royal Hotel is situated on Old Church Road by the canal bridge and is the only public house in the area.
Most of the area's terraced properties were built around 1910 to 1930, and Little Heath is served by a primary school of the same name. Also in the area is Good Shepherd Roman Catholic (RC) Primary School, which shares its sports field with Little Heath Primary School. The Catholic parish church for Good Shepherd Primary School is St. Elizabeth's RC Church in Edgwick. The Church of England (C of E) church for Little Heath is St Laurence's, which has a church hall also used for groups such as the Brownies and Girl Guides. At the top end of Old Church Road there is another school - Foleshill C of E Primary School, which is not actually in Foleshill.
Several members of the early Lomas Family in Foleshill were ribbon weavers by trade.
In 1831 there were 6,969 people and a total of 1,575 houses; of the latter 429 had been built since 1821 and building was still in progress. That there were by then only 30 coal miners in the parish demonstrates the comparative decline of the once dominant industry. But the ribbon weaving itself had then passed its peak. The great increase in 1831 was not of weavers, whose numbers had remained constant, but of people who were in fact suburban residents of Coventry. The ribbon trade was subject to unpredictable changes of fashion, and had to face competition from abroad and from other districts of England. Moreover, there was competition within the district, between Coventry, where engine looms (still handpowered) were accepted by the early 1830s, and the rural parishes, where the single-hand weavers stubbornly refused to adopt engine-looms, and where many of the weavers were underpaid women and children.
Foleshill was not as industrially backward as some of the other parishes, and some features of the industry there were comparable to those of the city. In the 19th century a succession of masters' associations, and of weavers' unions, were formed to represent the industry in Parliament, to protect the interests of the rural districts, and to fix prices and wages. In 1840 the country weavers wanted a local board of trade set up, of seven weavers and seven masters, to regulate prices and conditions of work. There was, however, a long period of poverty and bitterness. Already in 1788 the poor of the Coventry district had been advised to sow early-ripening beans with their potatoes 'which often will obviate the necessity they are under of tearing the unripe roots from the earth to satisfy the cravings of hunger'. In 1801, J. Howlett, the Vicar of Foleshill, could describe the 'spirit of discontent and disaffection [which] has arisen alarmingly high: imputable, in a great measure to the late scarcity (which has been attended with grievous and unparalleled distress) and has been repressed more by fear than any better motive'.
By comparison: In 1821 there were 5,000 ribbon weavers in Coventry out of a population of 21,000. By 1841 there were 30,000 weavers in Coventry working on 3,500 plain and 2,228 Jacquard looms. This influx of weavers caused major housing problems because of the wall that surrounded the city and because the weavers, who were freemen, had no rights over the ring of common land surrounding the city walls.
The area of Hillfields was created as a settlement outside of the city walls. This occurred in 1828 and Hillfields became the area for the most skilled craftsmen that Coventry had. Many factories were set up to manufacture ribbon on a more commercial basis but there were dissenting voices amongst the craftsmen. To demonstrate their opposition, the weavers burnt to the ground the first commercial ribbon factory.
In the late 1850's peace was achieved and predominant amongst the peacemakers were the Cash brothers. Cash's Labels continues to this day carrying out the same sort of ribbon and label making that it always has.
One of the world's best-known names in silk weaving, Coventry company Cash's (UK) began life in Foleshill. Quaker brothers John and Joseph Cash started work on a factory at Kingfield in 1857 which the company was to occupy for the next 138 years.
Cash's Topshops beside Coventry Canal in Foleshill's Kingfield.
Above rows of weavers' cottages, the brothers created an upper storey with well-lit work areas housing jacquard looms powered by a central beam engine. These were the famous Cash's Topshops which can still be seen beside the Coventry canal today. Many of the original topshops and cottages are now in use as flats. By 1860 the industry had collapsed because of cheap imports. Many weavers immigrated to the colonies. However, J.J Cash still exists in Coventry to this day.
Family Origin of the Foleshill Lomases
In particular, the original Foleshill Lomases were of smaller stature with darker hair and skin complexion. Some of them believed their ancestors were the "Black Irish" who became known in Ireland shortly after the Spanish Armada invasion. An Essay On the Black Irish Myth
Reference the writings of Dr. Elias Loomis (1875) and revisions by Dr. Elisha Loomis (1908):
The following is a brief summary of the results obtained respecting the names of persons -
The following is a summary of the places bearing the name Lomas, or a name somewhat resembling it -
Lomis, a village of Switzerland, 15 miles S. W. of Constance.(*)
Lomiswyl (i. e., Lomis-ville), a village of Switzerland, four miles west of Soleure.
Lomazzo, a village of Lombardy, near Como. Population 2,292.
Joe Lomas, the Webmaster, was at the village of Lomazzo, Italy in 2011
Lommatsch, a town in Saxony, 22 miles from Dresden. Population 2,275.
Lomas, a town in the Argentine Republic, South America. Lat. 31 deg. 30 min. S. Long. 62 deg. 18 min. W.
Lomas Bay, Straits of Magalhaens, S. A. Lat. 52 deg. 30 min. S. Long. 69 deg. 10 min. W.
Point Lomas, in Peru, S. A. Lat. 17 deg. 32 min. S. Long. 74 deg. 54 min. W.
Point Loma, San Diego, California. Lat. 32 deg. 42 min. N. Long. 117 deg. 15 min. W.
Loma Hill, a mountain in Western Africa. Lat. 9 deg. 25 min. N. Long. 9 deg. 51 min. W.
Does the preceding information afford a basis for any conjecture respecting the early history of the Lomas family?
It is generally contended by writers on onomatology that all proper names had originally a peculiar and appropriate meaning. (See Salverte's Essai historique sur les noms d'homme, t. 1, p. 7.) Is the name Lomas derived from any word or combination of words in the English language? No one has ever suggested any such derivation which could be considered as in any degree plausible. The conclusion seems to follow of necessity that the name Lomas is NOT of English origin. The same considerations lead to the conclusion that it is not of French, or German, or Italian origin.
The case is, however, different with Spain. Loma in Spanish signifies a little hill, and lomas is the plural of loma, signifying hills. It is probable, therefore, that the names Loma and Lomas were early introduced as surnames in Spain, and we can understand why these names were applied to places which were inhabited by Spaniards, or of which the Spaniards were the first explorers. The conclusion naturally follows that the Lomas family in England came from Spain about the year 1400, or perhaps earlier.
The names Lomis and Lomisville, applied to villages in Switzerland, render it probable that persons of the same name came from Spain, or perhaps from the Lomas family established in England, later migrated to Switzerland.
The names Lomazzi and Lomazzo in Northern Italy are also thought to have originated from the same stock. These names differ from Lomax or Lomatz only in substituting an Italian termination.
This will appear from the following examples:
N.B.- Refer to Prof. C. A. Hoppin, Jr.
It is possible that the name Lommatsch in Saxony is simply the name Lomatz modified by a change of termination, so as better to express the peculiar German pronunciation.
It seems, therefore, probable that the Lomas family originated in Spain; that four or five centuries ago, and perhaps earlier, one or more members of this family became established in England, while others of the family found their way into Northern Italy.
It may appear strange that when the facilities for travel were so restricted, as they were in Europe during the middle ages, the Lomas family should have become so widely scattered. But we know that during the Crusades (from A. D. 1096 to 1270), adventurers from England, France, Spain, Germany and Italy, were united in a common cause; and those crusaders who returned from Palestine instead of returning to their native homes, were frequently dispersed into foreign countries. The result must have been a considerable mingling together of the people of the different nations of Europe.
It may be objected to the fact that Laurent Lomax had a coat of arms proves that he was not of foreign origin. Such an objection is not well founded as many English families that have a coat of arms are of French origin, while others are of German, Italian, or Spanish origin. Among families of this description having a German origin occur the names Deycheler, Kramer, Lauginger, Mazzinghi, and Weber; among those families having an Italian origin occur the names Castillon, Corsellis, De Moline, and Sileto; while among the families admitted to be of Spanish origin occur the names Ayala, Florio, Gambow, and Ilbery."
Many questions as to the origin of the Lomas family from Foleshill exist to this day. Who and where did we come from?
(1) With respect to the "LOOMIS" family, the descendants of the Lomas family from Little Heath doubt the fact they are related. However, many believe there is a connection.
Lance D. Loomis, Director of the Loomis Families of America concurs with us. Lance believes in the accuracy of the research of Elias Loomis and Charles Hoppin as he has connected the Lomas family to the Loomis family on his website. Lance has worked hard to resolve many family questions. To conclusively settle the issue of family connections, Lance has provided the Loomis Family DNA Project and invites us to go to his web site and apply for a DNA test. The Loomis Family has begun to test direct male Loomis descendants to establish a possible means of determining the different lines of the Loomis family, as well as expand data to the family lines such as Lomas to determine if there is a link or not.
(2) It has been confirmed that some members of the Lomas family actually changed the spelling of the name to "LOMAX". Although nobody is certain of the reason for this occurrence; it probably boils down to regional pronunciation. However, I have not established a definitive connection between the Lomas/x Family in Foleshill, Warwicks and the County of Greater Manchester (Lancashire) or any other county in England. This fact lends credibility to the lingering family belief that ancestors immigrated from Ireland. The family belief makes perfect sense as Foleshill was always popular with Irish immigrants looking for work. Did we immigrate from Ireland?
(3) Are the theories of Elias Loomis and Charles Hoppin fact? Beyond Ireland, could there have been a Spanish Connection? Could a shipwrecked Spaniard have landed off the coast of Ireland?
Regardless of the dates and locations of possible migrations, one undeniable fact exists today... the LOMAS surname, in the exact spelling, is prevalent in the telephone listings of Southern Europe, through Spain, the French Riviera and into Italy! The extensive Spanish White Pages ("Paginas Blancas") telephone listings indicate the Lomas surname has been predominant all over Spain for several generations right up to the present day. This confirms the writings of Dr. Elisha Scott Loomis.
1840's Life in Foleshill, Warwickshire
Transcription by Brian Blackford:
The document comes from the 1841 Handloom Weavers Commission Report. The Robert Cantrill quoted in the article was Brian's 3x great-grandfather.
Handloom Weaver's Commission Report 1841, page 76.
It is not the population which has gone down into ignorance: it has never emerged from it. This is not surprising, for there is not an efficient school in the parish (which contains upwards of 7000 inhabitants). The people are as ignorant as ever, and, in proportion to their numbers, more immoral. There is more profanity, more Sabbath breaking and more immorality than formerly. Their language is awfully depraved.
Independently of their irreligion, they are practically more immoral than formerly. Bastardy is greater than ever, even since the Poor-Law Ammendment Act (and information to the same effect was given me in regard to the City). At any little holiday time, the public houses will be thronged with girls ready for the lowest excesses. Both sexes are great drinkers, chiefly of ale. The place is also notorious for poaching, and robberies, and the Magistrates of Coventry well know that when a desperate case is brought before them it is generally from this neighbourhood.
Compared to what they now are, though rude and ignorant, they were formerly a harmless population. The foregoing observations apply to the mass; the latter are only exceptions. Robert Cantrill, an aged man, of the same class, thinks that, "though the journeyhand weavers' houses, forty years ago, were poor miserable places, which might be called 'hovels' almost, the journeyhands are less well conducted now.
There have been several highway robberies, with violence, during the twelve months last past; housebreaking is very frequent: pantries are robbed; and other depredations are committed. There are garden robberies in abundance, but the guilty parties are not generally found out.' Thinks there is more drinking now than there was then. One great cause of the decline was the war, which took the young men out great fools, and brought them home big rogues, to contaminate the rest. A part, certainly, of the general misconduct is brought on by distress. Thinks it makes a man hopeless, and, when hopeless, he becomes desperate, and preys upon society, and careless even of what little honest advantages are in his way; and then comes the last wretchedness.
Times of bad trade, in the witness's youth, which were very frequent, then, as now, always led to thieving. Thinks, however, that there was then nothing of the aggravated kind that there now is. 'Now never a night passes without some depredation in this or the neighbouring parishes.' 'One of the most notorious class of depredations is robbing the barges on the canal which passes through the weaving parishes and is part of the Grand Junction line. They are robbed of every kind of goods, which here find plenty of receivers; the abstraction being made either by the bargemen themselves or with their connivance. A principle article is silk, on its passage from London to the North, for the disposal of which, when stolen, it is asserted that there is a very complete organisation. The thieves have their throwsters, their dyers, manufacturers of the class of undertakers, of whom there are many in Foleshill, their warehouse and their travelling agent to sell the goods.
"There are not fewer than twenty benefit clubs in the parish, for mutual assistance in case of affliction, but they are not enrolled. The members subscribe 6d. per week each, meet fortnightly at a public house, each to spend not less than 3d. and divide their stock equally at the end of the year, each member leaving a small sub-scription towards the next year's stock."
Mr. John Slingsby, one of the most respectable undertakers in the trade, and his son-in-law, Joseph Cuthbert, the parish clerk and constable, thus describes the habits of the people at Bulkington:-
List of Baptisms taken from the Parish Records of St. Laurence Church in Foleshill from 1733 to 1753 and 1780-1851, and 1890 - 1913:
List of Marriages taken from the Parish Records of St. Laurence Church in Foleshill from 1770 to 1844 and 1845 (many missing), 1846-1877, 1892-1911:
Some Foleshill National Archives Record Entries:
Miscellaneous documents relating principally to the Coventry Area
Scope and Content
4th. Mar., 1763. Enclosure Award made under an Act of the first year of George III whereby, having recited:
firstly, that the Act rehearses that several fields at Exhall pa., Coventry were called "Church Field", "Stone Pit Field", "Longdon Field" and "Great Sydnal Field" (in area eleven yardlands) together with enclosures called "Lammas Wastes", "the Scarlings", "Middle Waste", "Far Waste", "Great Down Hiron", "Little Down Hiron", "the Pingle", "Heck Leys", "Spring Wastes", "Gosty Wastes", "the Hayes's", "Brick-kiln Waste", "Down Meadow", "Longdon Meadow" and part of Tackley Waste;
secondly, that it was enacted that John Newcomb (of Brinklow, Warws.), Lewis Bradley (of Wootton Wawen, Warws.) and William Wyatt (of Seaney Park, Staffs.), gents., be appointed commissioners to investigate before 29th. Sept., 1761 and that when they should have made their partition they would award the allotments with 21/7/- in lieu of tithes and have their findings enrolled within six months;
thirdly, that meetings have been held in accordance with the Act appointing the intended rent-charge in lieu of tithe, and that the survey was made by John Corbett (of Binley, Warws.);
fourthly, that Sir Samuel Garrard, Bt. Has died since the Act was passed so his interest has descended to Sir Benet Garrard, Bt.;
fifthly, that Elizabeth Wilson's interest has similarly passed to William Wilson;
and sixthly, that the interest of Ann Pickard, widow has fallen to Ann and Mary Farmer, spinsters: therefore, primarily, Church, and Stone Pit, Fields' lands are divided between Revd. Pickard Cleeve (vicar of Exhall), pre-Act owners and Richard [II] Cheslyn (the lay impropriator) - hence
(a) to R. Cleeve pass the vicaral tithes and glebe (1a.)in Church Field (covering 22a.; bounded by Vicar's Close on part of the west, on part of the north and the rest of the west by Gibbons Close and Gibbons Meadow (occupied by Thomas Stafford) over the brook to Gibbons Stile, elsewhere on the north by an allotment made to Elizabeth Grosvenor and the first allotment hereafter made to R. [II] Cheslyn ("Uppermost Birdingbush"), on the north and east by Birdingbush Furlong, eastward by R. [II] Cheslyn's two Church Field allotments which belong to Exhall churchyard, on part of on the south by the churchyard and Church Houses' gardens, on the south-west and south by a private way (from the churchyard to Vicarage Lane at the Vicarage House), and on the remaining parts of the north, east and south by the vicarage garden) - the fences on the southern side of the allotment at the vicarage house and the east-gate near the churchyard's north-western end will be made by the several owners (except the vicar) with 4-ft. Ditches, three rails and quickset hedges;
(b) to R. [II] Cheslyn goes 34a.0r.3p. In Church Field (bounded on the west by Elizabeth Grosvenor's allotment; on part of the north by Edward Freeman's Church Field allotment, on part of the east and part of the north by "Catch Croft" which belongs to Sir B. Garrard; on the rest of the north by Sir. B. Garrard's allotment; on the rest of the east by Bowling Green Lane; on part of the south by the secondly-described land allotted to R. [II] Cheslyn in Church Field and Stone Pit Field; and on the rest of the south by R. Cleeve's allotment), which award (plus 34/15/9 (received by R. [II] Cheslyn from William Smart for purchase of land (worth 1/5/9 p.a.) which covers one-eighth of Hayeses Wastes), and 52/6/3 (received by R. [II] Cheslyn from Thomas Foster for buying land (worth 1/18/9 p.a.) which is one-eighth of Gosty Wastes) forms R. [II] Cheslyn's impropriation-compensation for profits from those two common fields and the Brick-kiln, Middle Hayes, Spring, Heckleys, Gosty and Shoulder-of-Mutton Wastes, and Lammas Waste;
(c) to R. [II] Cheslyn goes also (proprietor of 1 yardland, and of another yardland bought from William Grove, Esq., and of 3r.25p. Bought from Thomas Oldham, gent.) 32a.0r.16p. In Church and Stone Pit Fields (bounded on part of the west by William White, Esq.'S Church Field allotment; on part of the north by Exhall parish officers' allotment; on part of the east by churchyard; on parts of the east, north and west by the allotment given to Mary Barrs (widow); on parts of the west and south by the churchyard; on part of the west by R. Cleeves's allotment UT supra; on part of the north by R. [II] Cheslyn's already-described allotment; on parts of the east, north and east [sic] by Exhall Hall Yard, Hall Meadow and Hall Close; on parts of the east, south and east by Cow Close; on part of the south by the allotment made to William Wilson, gent. in Stone Pit Field; on parts of the south, south-west and south by Matthew Neale's Stone Pit Field allotment; on the rest of the south and part of the west by Stone Pit Field land intended for Revd. Samuel [II] Brookes and Alice Hands; and on the rest of the west by W. White's allotment);
(d) to Sir Benet Garrard (proprietor of one-and-one-eighth yardlands) passes 21a.2r.35p. in Church Field (bounded on the west by Catch Croft belonging to him; on part of the north by Catch Croft Lane; on part of the north by Bedworth Waste; on the rest of the north by Thomas Jackson's orchard; on the east by Bowling Green Lane; and on the south by R. [II] Cheslyn's first allotment);
(e) to Edward Freeman (proprietor of yardland) goes 3a.2r.21p. in Church Field (bounded on the west by Elizabeth Grosvenor's allotment; on the north by Catch Croft Lane; on the east by Catch Croft; and on the south by R. [II] Cheslyn's firstly-described allotment);
(f) to Elizabeth Grosvenor (proprietress of yardland) is allotted 16a.1r.0p. in Church Field (bounded on parts of the north and west by the allotment belonging to Mary Lynes, widow; on parts of the north and west by Grosvenors Pingle; on the rest of the north by Catch Croft Lane; on part of the east by E. Freeman's allotment; on the rest of the east by R. [II] Cheslyn's firstly-described allotment; on part of the south by R. Cleeve's allotment; and on the rest of the west and souby by Gibbons Closes);
(g) for Mary Lynes (proprietress of one-eighth of a yardland) is intended 4a.0r.33p. in Church Field (bounded on parts of the west and north by Whites Pingle and Murcotts Pingle; on the rest of the north by a lane called Sweet Liver Green; on part of the east by E. Grosvenor's Pingle; on parts of the east and south by E. Grosvenor's allotment; and on the rest of the south by Gibbons Closes);
(h) Mary Barrs, widow (proprietress of two lands without commons in Church Field and of two similar ones bought from Joseph Bentley since the Act was passed) will have 1r.32p. in Church Field (bounded east, south and west by R. [II] Cheslyn's secondly-described allotment; and north by the churchyard);
(i) to Exhall churchwardens and overseers passes 3a.0r.1p. in Church Field (bounded on the west by William White, esq.'s Church Field allotment; on the north and north-west by R. Cleeve's allotment; and on the south-east and south by R. [II] Cheslyn's secondly-described allotment: the officers will maintain the fences from the churchyard to Dead Lane);
(j) to William White (proprietor of yardland) goes 4a.0r.19p. in Church Field (bounded on part of the south by Samuel [II] Brookes' and Alice Hands' allotment; on parts of the south and west by Lower Holt (occupied by W. White); on the north by R. Cleeve's allotment; on part of the east by the parish officers' allotment; and on the rest of the east by R. [II] Cheslyn's secondly-described allotment);
(k) to Revd. Samuel [II] Brookes and Alice Hands (proprietors of yardland) is allotted 10a.2r.22p. in Stone Pit Field (bounded on part of the north by W. White's allotment; on the rest of the north and on the east by R. [II] Cheslyn's secondly-described allotment; on the south by Matthew Neale's Stone Pit Field allotment; and on the west by Little Holt and Upper Holt: M. Neale will make a gate into Dead Lane where his land marches with this portion, so S. [II] Brookes and A. Hands will not fence the perch reserved for that purpose);
(1) for Matthew Neale (proprietor of yardland) is intended 16a.3r.4p. in Stone Pit Field (bounded on part of the west by Murcotts Close (held by Joseph Bentley); on the rest of the west and part of the north by S. [II] Brookes' and A. Hands' allotment; on the rest of the north, the north-east and part of the east by R. [II] Cheslyn's second-described allotment and on the south by Joseph Bentley's Stone Pit Field allotment);
(m) to Joseph Bentley (proprietor of three-sixteenths of a yardland) passes 9a.1r.13p. in Stone Pit Field (bounded west by Murcotts Close; north by M. Neale's allotment; east by an allotment assigned to Ann and Mary Farmer (spinsters), Esther Hales, William White (esq.) and Phillips Farmer (gent.); on part of the south by Edward Catterns' allotment; and on the rest of the south by Cookes Close);
(n) to Edward Catterns (proprietor of yardland) goes 13a.1r.12p. in Stone Pit Field (bounded on the east by Revd. Charles Hutchinson's and Christopher Gunman, esq.'s allotment; on parts of the south-west, south and west by Mill Meadows (occupied by E. Catterns) and the brook; on the north-west, and parts of the south and west, by the brook and an enclosure (held by John Webster, esq. and -- Murcott, gent.); on part of the west by Catternses Lane; on part of the north and the rest of the south-west by Websters and Murcotts Pingle; on the rest of the west by Cookes Close; on part of the north by J. Bentley's allotment; on part of the east by W. Wilson's Stone Pit Field allotment; on part of the east, the north-east and the rest of the north by Ann Farmer et al's allotment; on the rest of the east by A. Farmer et al's home close; and on the rest of the south by C. Hutchinson's and C. Gunman's allotment: E. Catterns will fence the last-named boundary as far as C. Hutchinson's and C. Gunman's gate);
(o) to Revd. Charles Hutchinson and Christopher Gunman (proprietors of yardland) is allotted 7a.1r.10p. in Stone Pit Field (bounded on the west on the brook, and by Mill Meadow (occupied by E. Catterns); on the north by E. Catterns' allotment; on part of the east by Pickards Home Close; on the rest of the east by Woodshires Close; and on the south by the allottees' home close, they maintaining the fence up to Woodshires Green Gate);
(p) to Ann Farmer and Mary Farmer (spinsters), Esther Hales, William White (esq.) and Phillips Farmer (gent.) (proprietors of 1 yardlands) goes 20a.0r.1p. in Stone Pit Field (bounded on the west, the south-west and part of the south by E. Catterns' allotment; on the north by W. Wilson's Stone Pit Field allotment; on parts of the east and south by Pickards Close; on part of the south and the rest of the east by "the Rickyard"; and on the rest of the south by A. Farmer et al's yard and home close); and
(q) to William Wilson (proprietor of 1 yardlands, and of one-eighth of a yardland bought from John Knightley since the Act's passage) passes 24a.3r.0p. (bounded on the west by E. Catterns', J. Bentley's and M. Neale's allotments; on part of the north by R. [II] Cheslyn's secondly-described allotment; on the rest of the north and on the east by Cow Close and Hemp Yard (occupied by W. Wilson); and on the south by A. Farmer et al's allotments):
secondarily, the common closes in Church and Stone Pit Fields are awarded as follows -
(a) to R. [II] Cheslyn go four parts of Heckley Wastes in Stone Pit Field (called "the Heckleys near Exhall Hall Green", "Great Heckleys", "Middle Heckleys" and "the Heckleys by Idle Lane"), which cover 22a.3r.11p. and communicate with both fields (bounded on the south and part of the west by Exhall Hall Green; on the rest of the west by Hayles Lane; on the north by Idle Lane; and on the east by the Coventry-Nuneaton Turnpike), in right of his common lands but also for rights formerly belonging to William Grove for 3r.25p. once enjoyed by Samuel Oldham;
(b) to Ann Farmer et al goes an allotment in Brick-kiln Wastes and "Wards or Middle Waste" (communicating with Church Field) covering 10a.1r.19p. (bounded on the west by the road from [Exhall] Moathouse to Woodshires Green; north-east by Moors Close (occupied by R. [II] Cheslyn); east by Green Lane; south-east by part of Wards Waste in Foleshill pa.; and on the south-west by Woodshires Green) and another allotment in Spring Wastes (communicating with Stone Pit Field) covering 10a.1r.19p. also (bounded on part of the west by Moors Home Close (occupied by R. [II] Cheslyn); on the rest of the west by Pickards Close; on the north by Exhall Hall Green; on the east by the Coventry-Nuneaton turnpike; and on the south-east by Spring Lane);
(c) to Edward Freeman passes an allotment in Lammas and Shoulder-of-Mutton Wastes covering 5a.1r.0p. (bounded on the west by Lawn Green; on part of the north by Rough Close (occupied by E. Freeman); and on the rest of the north, the east and the south by J. Bentley's enclosures);
(d) William Smart (proprietor of Hayeses Wastes) receives 17a.2r.4p. of Hayeses Wastes (in five parts: bounded on part of the west by W. Wilson's orchard; on the rest of the west by William Young's enclosure; on the north by Pickards Green; on the east by Hayeses Lane; and on the south by Exhall Hall Green);
(e) Thomas Foster (proprietor of the Gosty Wastes) takes 28a.3r.5p. in Gosty Wastes comprising "Upper Piece", "Middle Piece on the south side", "Middle Piece on the north side", "Lower Piece and "Meadow Piece" (bounded on part of the west by the Coventry-Nuneaton turnpike; on part of the north and the rest of the west by Thomas Smith's house and croft; on the rest of the north by Great Sydnal Lane leading to Great and Little Sydnal Fields; east by Little Sydnal Field; and south by Green Lane): tertiarily, Great Sydnal and Longdon Fields are awarded as follows -
(a) to Richard Cheslyn (as lay-impropriator) goes 48a.3r.24p. in Great Sydnal Field (bounded on the west by Lammas, Middle and [Farr] Wastes, and W. White's next allotment; north by the next [fourth] allotment made to R. [II] Cheslyn; east by Ann Farmer et al's next [third] allotment; and south by Little Sydnal Lane) which award is in lieu of tithes due on these two fields and on Fackley, Lammas, Middle and Far Wastes, Kings Pingle, Little and Great Down Hirons, Down Meadow and Scarlings;
(a) to R. [II] Cheslyn (who takes
(i) an orchard, garden and two home-closes, with two "Moors Closes" (farmed by Joseph Perkins);
(i) an orchard, a garden, "Clover Close", "Rushy Meadow", "the Grove", "Pit Close", "Long Close", "Calves Croft" and the two "Pratts Closes", occupied by Thomas Lole; (ii) an orchard, a garden, two "Home Closes", "Catch Croft", occupied by Mary Heathcott, widow; and (iii) an orchard, a garden, three closes and two meadows held by T. Foster);
(a) a 30ft. one from the churchyard gates through the parish officers' allotment and W. White's in Church Field up to Vicarage Lane;
fourthly, the commissioners bespeak a 12-ft. wide cart-bridge, with a 6-ft. arch, for carrying the (a)-mentioned private way: octically, since the Act extinguishes leases in to-be-enclosed lands - hence, the commissioners order that the proprietors give satisfaction to lessees because of
Reference: PA 242/6/1 - Creation dates: 22nd Mar, 1777
Scope and Content Feoffment, for 6/6/-, by Samuel Dodd (of Foleshill, Coventry, worstead-weaver) of Mary [I] Smith (of Coventry, widow) with a piece of land (23p.) in Foleshill pa. Which before the  enclosure was called Little Heath, occupied by Samuel Dodd and allotted to him by the award (which numbered it 94) in lieu of common.
Reference: PA/101/12/66 - Draft Will Creation dates: 1839
Scope and Content Of Thomas Rushen (of Foleshill, Coventry, weaver) who bequeaths five houses near the "Royal Oak" in Foleshill pa.
To his son George the testator bequeaths absolutely a Garden at Crab Mill Lane, Foleshill pa.
To his son Joseph the testator gives 2r.21p. consisting of a house and meadow at Little Heath (tenanted by Charles Thrasher); The two sons will share household goods equally; Joseph Bacon (of Foleshill, carpenter) and Joseph Atkins (of Foleshill, weaver) are appointed executors.
Catalogue Ref. PA 362 Creator(S): Irby Hopkins of Coventry, solicitors
FILE - Letter from Webster to Thynne reporting that Pinsents have warned that Cruwys & Holborough will issue a writ unless the balance of their account be paid - Pinsent and the sender will ask the bank the next day for a 3,000 overdraft on 3,000 first-mortgage railway-company debentures (he has shown the bank-manager the works). Lomas cannot complete his Webster St. Purchase but it could be transferred to Lole. He reiterates his wishes about Station St. West land as shown on an endorsed sketch. - ref. PA 362/22/90 - date: 17th July, 1901
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Dedicated to my Father, the late John Joseph Lomas